The photograph was taken on Nov. 19, 2013 by the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) camera on-board the MRO.
Scarring the surface
Approximately 200 meteorites hit the Martian surface every year. Each of these impacts creates a new crater, some larger than others.
The new crater is estimated by NASA to be about 30m (100ft) in diameter and is surrounded by a blast zone of debris. The impact sent debris flying as far as 15 kilometres (over nine miles) away.
This meteorite that caused the crater hit between July, 2010 and May, 2012. The low resolution images taken of the area by the MRO allowed NASA to determine this time-frame.
In Nov., 2013 researchers used the higher quality HiRISE camera to capture the new image.